Melbourne’s monocentric urban form is constraining the economic potential of Melbourne’s suburbs and contributes to inefficient infrastructure and service provision. Greater Melbourne is expected to grow to a population of 9 million and support approximately 4.8 million jobs by 2056. While Melbourne’s central city has the greatest economic density, approximately 66% of jobs are spread across Melbourne’s middle and outer rings.
Without improvements in transport connectivity, businesses in the middle and outer rings will continue to be highly dispersed and there will be continued concentration of Victoria’s economic activity in the central city. Without complementary land-use and planning changes, congestion and crowding on the existing transport networks will persist and compound poor and inequitable access to jobs, recreation, healthcare and employment, as residential development in Melbourne’s urban sprawl continues, supported by outer Melbourne’s relative housing affordability.