By 2040, electric vehicles (EVs) are projected to account for 70% to 100% of new vehicle sales and at least 30% of the vehicle fleet in Australia. According to the Electric Vehicle Council, since 2011, almost 10,000 EVs have been sold in Australia.
Moving from internal combustion engines to electric vehicle technology will result in nationally significant fuel and maintenance cost savings, and environmental benefits.
However, lack of access to charging stations has been identified by around two-thirds of motorists as a key barrier to the adoption of EVs. Although there has been an increase in charging stations since 2018, partly by the private sector, the latest information from the Electric Vehicle Council suggests that Australia currently has less than 2,000 public charging stations, of which approximately 250 are fast‑charging. Other key barriers to the adoption of EVs include the currently high vehicle prices, model availability, and the distance over which they can travel on a single charge.
Establishing a network of fast-charging stations on, or in proximity to, the national highway will help to overcome the ‘access to charging facilities’ barrier and reduce consumer anxiety about EV range. It is expected that the distance vehicles can travel on a single charge will continue to improve with technological advancements, and that vehicle prices will reduce as production scale increases and the cost of batteries reduces.
National policies and regulation to complement the roll-out of fast-charging infrastructure would reduce the risk of competing standards and redundant investments, and maximise inter‑operability.
The initiative includes:
developing a network of fast-charging stations on, or in proximity to, the national highway network to provide national connectivity
developing policies and regulation to support charging technology adoption.
Complementary investment in network infrastructure may be required to ensure that the electricity generation and distribution network can provide reliable electricity supply for additional electric vehicle chargers.
Proponent(s) to be identified.