Australia’s natural characteristics and experience in energy export could enable a large hydrogen export industry in Australia.
Internationally, there is growing interest in the production and use of green hydrogen as an energy source, as it produces no carbon emissions.
There is a significant opportunity to develop supply chains in Australia to meet potential demand in domestic and export markets.
The Australian Government and state and territory governments are planning for the development of a national hydrogen industry via the former COAG Energy Council, which published Australia’s National Hydrogen Strategy in 2019.
In addition to participating in the development of the National Hydrogen Strategy, most states and territories have developed their own plans.
Challenges to growing a hydrogen export industry include:
• Identifying and addressing infrastructure gaps in potential hydrogen supply chains.
• Developing hydrogen’s cost effectiveness compared to other energy sources. This depends on the outcomes of current and future research and development.
• The availability of cheap electricity to manufacture hydrogen.
A National Hydrogen Infrastructure Assessment is being coordinated by the Australian Government. It will examine supply chain needs and is to be delivered before 2022.
Potential options to address the initiative include upgrades or new infrastructure for electricity and gas networks, water supply networks, refuelling stations, roads, rail and ports.
Proponent(s) to be identified.